Discovering Emerald Ash Borer symptoms in the early stages is difficult. It takes an educated and experienced tree person to recognize the subtle signs.
Usually by the time a homeowner notices something is wrong, a stage two or later infestation has developed.
For accurate and early identification, call the experts at Rainbow Treecare.
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Early fall color and leaf drop. Many ash trees in a group may show the same symptom.
Recommendation: For valuable trees in your yard, treatments at this time can save the tree. If it is a young, unhealthy, or poorly placed tree, replanting is a better option.
Tips of branches begin to die. Leaf canopy is not as full and becomes progressively more sparse as the infestation continues. Typically the top 1/3 of the canopy dies first and then works down the tree. You may notice increased woodpecker activity on the tree, small vertical splits in the bark and/or small (aprox. 1/8“) D-shaped exit holes from the adult bug.
Recommendation: In early stage two infestations, treatment for valuable landscape trees may be an option. Consult with your Rainbow arborist. For later stage two infestations, removal and replanting is advised.
Most of the branches will be dead or dying. In a last attempt to survive, the tree may send out new shoots on the trunk or at the base of the trunk (called epicormic sprouting). Bark will start to flake off, exposing S-shaped larvae feeding galleries in the wood directly under the bark. D-shaped exit holes can be seen more easily and adult borers may be seen.
Recommendation: Remove the tree and replace with a different species.
Tree is dead and could potentially create a hazardous situation.
Recommendation: Remove the tree and replant.